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Int Wound J. 2017 Feb;14(1):172-179. doi: 10.1111/iwj.12578. Epub 2016 Mar 10.

Povidone-iodine ointment demonstrates in vitro efficacy against biofilm formation.

Author information

1
Burns Research Institute, Beverwijk, The Netherlands.
2
Perfectus Biomed Limited, Sci-Tech Daresbury, Cheshire, UK.
3
Mundipharma Research GmbH & Co KG, Limburg, Germany.

Abstract

Anti-infectives used to treat chronic exuding wounds are diluted by wound exudates, absorbed into dressings, metabolised by proteases and destroyed by pH. In order to mimic such effects of exudates, the efficacy of six topical wound agents was assessed undiluted and at 10% concentrations, including povidone-iodine ointment and a silver-impregnated wound dressing, to remove biofilms of Pseudomonas aeruginosa, multi-species biofilms of Candida albicans and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in vitro in a Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reactor. Povidone-iodine was also diluted to 3·3% and 33·3% of the commercial concentrations. Viable microorganisms in each preparation were quantified by colony count. No viable P. aeruginosa biofilm material was recovered after 4 and 24 hours of treatment with povidone-iodine ointment at the 100% and 10% concentrations. No C. albicans/MRSA biofilm material was recovered after 4 and 24 hours of treatment with povidone-iodine ointment at the 100% concentration. In general, following dilution, povidone-iodine ointment appeared to exhibit greater biofilm removal than the other agents tested. Further research involving different microorganisms in vitro and in vivo over a longer period of time will help elucidate the full potential of povidone-iodine ointment and liposomal hydrogel.

KEYWORDS:

Biofilm; Candida albicans; Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA); Povidone-iodine ointment (PVP-I); Pseudomonas aeruginosa

PMID:
26968574
DOI:
10.1111/iwj.12578
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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