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J Steroid Biochem. 1989;34(1-6):183-8.

Comparative studies on the effects of steroidal and nonsteroidal oestrogen antagonists on the proliferation of human breast cancer cells.

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Bioscience Department, ICI Pharmaceuticals, Macclesfield, Cheshire, U.K.


Pure and partial agonist antioestrogens, exemplified by ICI 164,384 and tamoxifen or 4-hydroxytamoxifen (4'-OHT) respectively, differ in their capacity to inhibit the growth of MCF-7 human breast cancer cells. Under basal conditions which maintain but do not permit proliferation of MCF-7 cells, growth rate was enhanced by oestradiol, Phenol Red, insulin and 4'-OHT but not by ICI 164,384. Oestradiol and insulin together enhanced cell growth rate synergistically. 4'-OHT, but not ICI 164,384, similarly increased insulin-stimulated cell growth in the absence of oestradiol. ICI 164,384 blocked the stimulatory action of 4'-OHT. The stimulatory effect of the peptide growth factors TGF-alpha and IGFI on MCF-7 cells were attenuated by ICI 164,384 and 4'-OHT; ICI 164,384 was more effective than 4'-OHT. The antiproliferative action of ICI 164,384 on oestradiol or growth factor stimulated MCF-7 cells was only weakly inhibited by TGF-beta antibodies.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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