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Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2016 Apr;83:179-85. doi: 10.1016/j.ijporl.2016.01.001. Epub 2016 Jan 7.

Novel compound heterozygous mutations in MYO7A gene associated with autosomal recessive sensorineural hearing loss in a Chinese family.

Author information

1
Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Shandong Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University, Jinan, PR China; Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Otology, Jinan, PR China; Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Tengzhou Central People's Hospital, Tengzhou, Shandong, PR China.
2
Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Shandong Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University, Jinan, PR China; Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Otology, Jinan, PR China.
3
Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Shandong Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University, Jinan, PR China; Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Otology, Jinan, PR China. Electronic address: sdphxl@126.com.
4
Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Shandong Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University, Jinan, PR China; Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Otology, Jinan, PR China. Electronic address: sphbaixiaohui@163.com.
5
Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Shandong Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University, Jinan, PR China; Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Otology, Jinan, PR China. Electronic address: wang.hb7585@hotmail.com.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

Mutations in MYO7A gene have been reported to be associated with Usher Syndrome type 1B (USH1B) and nonsyndromic hearing loss (DFNB2, DFNA11). Most mutations in MYO7A gene caused USH1B, whereas only a few reported mutations led to DFNB2 and DFNA11. The current study was designed to investigate the mutations among a Chinese family with autosomal recessive hearing loss.

METHODS:

In this study, we present the clinical, genetic and molecular characteristics of a Chinese family. Targeted capture of 127 known deafness genes and next-generation sequencing were employed to study the genetic causes of two siblings in the Chinese family. Sanger sequencing was employed to examine those variant mutations in the members of this family and other ethnicity-matched controls.

RESULTS:

We identified the novel compound heterozygous mutant alleles of MYO7A gene: a novel missense mutation c.3671C>A (p.A1224D) and a reported insert mutation c.390_391insC (p.P131PfsX9). Variants were further confirmed by Sanger sequencing. These two compound heterozygous variants were co-segregated with autosomal recessive hearing loss phenotype. The gene mutation analysis and protein sequence alignment further supported that the novel compound heterozygous mutations were pathogenic.

CONCLUSION:

The novel compound heterozygous mutations (c.3671C>A and c.390_391insC) in MYO7A gene identified in this study were responsible for the autosomal recessive sensorineural hearing loss of this Chinese family.

KEYWORDS:

Autosomal recessive inheritance; Deafness; MYO7A gene; Mutation

PMID:
26968074
DOI:
10.1016/j.ijporl.2016.01.001
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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