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Expert Rev Respir Med. 2016;10(5):557-68. doi: 10.1586/17476348.2016.1165611. Epub 2016 Mar 30.

Antibiotic treatment for nontuberculous mycobacterial lung disease.

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a Division of Pulmonology, Department of Internal Medicine , Severance Hospital, Institute of Chest Diseases, Yonsei University College of Medicine , Seoul , South Korea.
b Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine , Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine , Seoul , South Korea.


Pulmonary infections are the most frequent diseases caused by nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM). Common causative organisms of pulmonary infection are slowly growing mycobacteria including Mycobacterium avium complex and Mycobacterium kansasii, and rapidly growing mycobacteria including Mycobacterium abscessus complex. Clinical concern has been raised over the increasing incidence of NTM lung disease combined with the poor treatment outcomes of these chronic infectious diseases. Since treatment guidelines of the American Thoracic Society/Infectious Disease Society of America were published in 2007 there have been continuous efforts to improve the outcomes of NTM lung disease, albeit slowly and with limitations. Here, we focus on recent advances in the antibiotic treatment of NTM lung disease.


Mycobacterium abscessus; Mycobacterium avium complex; Mycobacterium kansasii; Nontuberculous mycobacteria; lung disease

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