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Acta Biomater. 2016 May;36:254-66. doi: 10.1016/j.actbio.2016.03.011. Epub 2016 Mar 7.

Preparation of copper-containing bioactive glass/eggshell membrane nanocomposites for improving angiogenesis, antibacterial activity and wound healing.

Author information

1
State Key Laboratory of High Performance Ceramics and Superfine Microstructure, Shanghai Institute of Ceramics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200050, China; Department of Polymer Materials, Shanghai University, 333 Nanchen Road, Shanghai 200444, China.
2
State Key Laboratory of High Performance Ceramics and Superfine Microstructure, Shanghai Institute of Ceramics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200050, China.
3
Shanghai Key Laboratory of Regulatory Biology, Institute of Biomedical Sciences and School of Life Sciences, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200241, China.
4
Department of Polymer Materials, Shanghai University, 333 Nanchen Road, Shanghai 200444, China.
5
Shanghai Key Laboratory of Regulatory Biology, Institute of Biomedical Sciences and School of Life Sciences, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200241, China. Electronic address: zfyi@bio.ecnu.edu.cn.
6
State Key Laboratory of High Performance Ceramics and Superfine Microstructure, Shanghai Institute of Ceramics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200050, China. Electronic address: chengtiewu@mail.sic.ac.cn.

Abstract

Effectively stimulating angiogenesis and avoiding wound infection are great challenges in wound care management. Designing new healing dressings with requisite angiogenic capacity and antibacterial performance is of particular significance. In order to achieve this aim, we prepared a copper (Cu)-containing bioactive glass nanocoating (40-50nm) with uniform nanostructure on natural eggshell membrane (Cu-BG/ESM) by the pulsed laser deposition (PLD) technique. The surface physicochemical properties including hydrophilicity and hardness of ESM were significantly improved after depositing Cu-BG nanocoatings. Meanwhile, 5Cu-BG/ESM films containing 5mol% Cu stimulated proangiogenesis by improving vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1α protein secretion as well as angiogenesis-related gene expression (VEGF, HIF-1α, VEGF receptor 2 (KDR) and endothelial nitric oxide (eNos)) of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). When used to treat full-thickness skin defects in mice, 5Cu-BG/ESM films enhanced the healing quality as confirmed by the significantly improved angiogenesis (as indicated by CD31 expression) and formation of continuous and uniform epidermis layer in vivo. Furthermore, 5Cu-BG/ESM films could maintain a sustained release of Cu(2+) ions and distinctly inhibited the viability of bacteria (Escherichia coli). The results indicate that Cu(2+) ions released from Cu-BG/ESM nanocomposite films play an important role for improving both angiogenesis and antibacterial activity and the prepared nanocomposite films combined Cu-containing BG nanocoatings with ESM are a promising biomaterial for wound healing application.

STATEMENT OF SIGNIFICANCE:

Designing new healing dressings with requisite angiogenic capacity and antibacterial performance is of particular significance in wound care management. In our study, we successfully prepared copper-containing bioactive glass/eggshell membrane (Cu-BG/ESM) nanocomposites with uniform bioactive glass nanocoatings by using pulsed laser deposition (PLD) technology. Due to the deposited Cu-BG nanocoatings on the surface of ESM, Cu-BG/ESM nanocomposites possessed significantly improved physicochemical and biological properties, including surface hydrophilicity, hardness, antibacterial ability, angiogenesis rate in vitro and wound healing quality in vivo as compared to pure ESM and BG/ESM films. Our study showed that prepared nanocoatings on Cu-BG/ESM nanocomposites offer a beneficial carrier for sustained release of Cu(2+) ions which played a key role for improving both angiogenesis and antibacterial activity. The prepared nanocomposites combined Cu-containing BG nanocoatings with ESM are a promising biomaterial for wound healing application.

KEYWORDS:

Angiogenesis; Antibacterial activity; Copper-containing bioactive glass; Nanocoating; Wound healing

PMID:
26965395
DOI:
10.1016/j.actbio.2016.03.011
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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