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Appl Physiol Nutr Metab. 2016 Apr;41(4):438-45. doi: 10.1139/apnm-2015-0436. Epub 2016 Jan 5.

Effects and feasibility of exercise therapy combined with branched-chain amino acid supplementation on muscle strengthening in frail and pre-frail elderly people requiring long-term care: a crossover trial.

Author information

1
a Tokyo Medical and Dental University Graduate School, Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Tokyo 113-8510, Japan.
2
b Rehab-care Shonan Kamakura, Japan.
3
c Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Clinical Center for Sports Medicine & Sports Dentistry, Japan.
4
d Kanagawa University of Human Services, Department of Rehabilitation, Japan.
5
e Kanagawa University of Human Services, Department of Nutrition, Japan.
6
f Tokyo Medical and Dental University Graduate School, Department of Joint Surgery and Sports Medicine, Japan.
7
g Fukushima University, Faculty of Symbiotic Systems Science, Japan.

Abstract

This study examined the effects and feasibility of a twice-weekly combined therapy of branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs) and exercise on physical function improvement in frail and pre-frail elderly people requiring long-term care. We used a crossover design in which the combination of exercise and nutritional interventions was carried out twice a week during cycles A (3 months) and B (3 months) and the exercise intervention alone was performed during the washout period. The exercise intervention entailed the following 5 training sets: 3 sets of muscle training at 30% of maximum voluntary contraction, 1 set of aerobic exercise, and 1 set of balance training. For the nutritional intervention, 6 g of BCAAs or 6 g of maltodextrin was consumed 10 min before starting the exercise. We determined upper and lower limb isometric strength, performance on the Functional Reach Test (FRT) and the Timed Up and Go test, and activity level. In the comparison between the BCAA group and the control group after crossover, the improvement rates in gross lower limb muscle strength (leg press, knee extension) and FRT performance were significantly greater (by approximately 10%) in the BCAA group. In the comparison between different orders of BCAA administration, significant effects were shown for the leg press in both groups only when BCAAs were given. The combination of BCAA intake and exercise therapy yielded significant improvements in gross lower limb muscle strength and dynamic balance ability.

KEYWORDS:

aging; amino acid supplementation; combined therapy; exercice contre résistance de faible intensité; low-intensity resistance exercise; outpatient rehabilitation; réadaptation en consultation externe; supplémentation en acides aminés; traitement combiné; vieillissement

PMID:
26963483
DOI:
10.1139/apnm-2015-0436
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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