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PLoS One. 2016 Mar 10;11(3):e0150705. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0150705. eCollection 2016.

Changes in the miRNA-mRNA Regulatory Network Precede Motor Symptoms in a Mouse Model of Multiple System Atrophy: Clinical Implications.

Author information

1
Division of Genomics and RNomics, Biocenter, Medical University of Innsbruck, Innrain 80-82, 6020 Innsbruck, Austria.
2
Division of Neurobiology, Department of Neurology, Medical University of Innsbruck, Innrain 66/G2, 6020 Innsbruck, Austria.
3
Division of Molecular Biology, Biocenter, Medical University of Innsbruck, Innrain 80-82, 6020 Innsbruck, Austria.
4
Division of Bioinformatics, Biocenter, Medical University of Innsbruck, Innrain 80-82, 6020 Innsbruck, Austria.
5
Department of Neurology, Medical University of Innsbruck, Anichstr. 35, 6020 Innsbruck, Austria.

Abstract

Multiple system atrophy (MSA) is a fatal rapidly progressive α-synucleinopathy, characterized by α-synuclein accumulation in oligodendrocytes. It is accepted that the pathological α-synuclein accumulation in the brain of MSA patients plays a leading role in the disease process, but little is known about the events in the early stages of the disease. In this study we aimed to define potential roles of the miRNA-mRNA regulatory network in the early pre-motor stages of the disease, i.e., downstream of α-synuclein accumulation in oligodendroglia, as assessed in a transgenic mouse model of MSA. We investigated the expression patterns of miRNAs and their mRNA targets in substantia nigra (SN) and striatum, two brain regions that undergo neurodegeneration at a later stage in the MSA model, by microarray and RNA-seq analysis, respectively. Analysis was performed at a time point when α-synuclein accumulation was already present in oligodendrocytes at neuropathological examination, but no neuronal loss nor deficits of motor function had yet occurred. Our data provide a first evidence for the leading role of gene dysregulation associated with deficits in immune and inflammatory responses in the very early, non-symptomatic disease stages of MSA. While dysfunctional homeostasis and oxidative stress were prominent in SN in the early stages of MSA, in striatum differential gene expression in the non-symptomatic phase was linked to oligodendroglial dysfunction, disturbed protein handling, lipid metabolism, transmembrane transport and altered cell death control, respectively. A large number of putative miRNA-mRNAs interaction partners were identified in relation to the control of these processes in the MSA model. Our results support the role of early changes in the miRNA-mRNA regulatory network in the pathogenesis of MSA preceding the clinical onset of the disease. The findings thus contribute to understanding the disease process and are likely to pave the way towards identifying disease biomarkers for early diagnosis of MSA.

PMID:
26962858
PMCID:
PMC4786272
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0150705
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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