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Vet Microbiol. 1989 Nov;21(1):31-40.

Serotypes in Cowdria ruminantium and their relationship with Ehrlichia phagocytophila determined by immunofluorescence.

Author information

1
Department of Tropical Veterinary Medicine and Protozoology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Utrecht, The Netherlands.

Abstract

Two tick-borne rickettsial pathogens of ruminants, Cowdria ruminantium (causative agent of heartwater disease) and Ehrlichia phagocytophila (causative agent of tick-borne fever), were successfully cultivated in caprine or ovine neutrophilic granulocytes. Infected cultures were subsequently used as antigens in the indirect fluorescent antibody test. Low-level bilateral serological cross-reactions could be detected between Cowdria and Ehrlichia. In addition, comparison of five Cowdria stocks using immunofluorescence demonstrated the existence of distinct serotypes within the genus of Cowdria. It is concluded that the occurrence of these serotypes will considerably complicate the current serodiagnosis of heartwater.

PMID:
2696198
DOI:
10.1016/0378-1135(89)90016-3
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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