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Rev Med Inst Mex Seguro Soc. 2016 Mar-Apr;54(2):159-63.

[Return to work in patients with heart disease after cardiac rehabilitation].

[Article in Spanish; Abstract available in Spanish from the publisher]

Author information

1
Medicina del trabajo, Hospital General de Zona No. 32 Villacoapa, Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, Ciudad de México, México. rojanodavid@gmail.com.

Abstract

in English, Spanish

BACKGROUND:

Cardiac rehabilitation is a secondary prevention strategy which it includes a set of activities that would assure cardiac patients a place as normal as it could be into the society, being also essential for going back to work, by improving their quality of life and reducing costs for institutions.

METHODS:

A non-randomized clinical study was conducted at the "Siglo XXI" Cardiology Hospital; We included patients with the diagnosis of ischemic heart disease and/or valve disease, the response variables were: percentage of patients going back to work and disability time upon return to duty. Cardiac rehabilitation program was applied for 1 month and followed up at 2 months and 1 year.

RESULTS:

Two groups were formed, the ones who received cardiac rehabilitation, N = 40 (experimental group) against a control group, N = 25. The percentage of patients going back to work with a cardiac rehabilitation was 75 % versus 60 % of the group did not receive cardiac rehabilitation, p = 0.2, with a mean of 68 days of disability in the experimental group against 128 in the control group, p = 0.001.

CONCLUSIONS:

The experimental group showed a higher percentage of patients who returned to work, working time reentry (in days) was lower compared to the control group.

KEYWORDS:

Heart diseases; Quality of life; Return to work

PMID:
26960042
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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