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Cad Saude Publica. 2016 Feb;32(2):e00064615. doi: 10.1590/0102-311X00064615. Epub 2016 Mar 4.

The impact of the reduction of sodium content in processed foods in salt intake in Brazil.

[Article in English, Portuguese]

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Instituto de Estudos em Saúde Coletiva, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil.
Instituto de Saúde da Comunidade, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Niterói, Brasil.
Centro de Ciências da Saúde, Universidade de Fortaleza, Fortaleza, Brasil.
Instituto de Medicina Social, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil.


This study aimed at assessing the potential impact of the reduction of sodium content in processed foods in the average salt intake in the Brazilian population. A total of 32,900 participants of the first National Dietary Survey (NDS 2008-2009), age 10 years and older who provided information about food intake over two days were evaluated. The sodium reduction targets established by the Brazilian Ministry of Health in 2010 and 2013 were used as the reference to determine the maximum content of sodium in 21 groups of processed food. The results show that sodium reduction targets in processed food have small impact in mean Brazilian population intake of salt. For 2017, the expected mean reduction is of 1.5%, the average sodium intake being still above the recommended 2,000mg/day maximum. Therefore, it will hardly be possible to reach the necessary reduction in salt intake in Brazil from volunteer agreements like the ones made so far.

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