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Ophthalmology. 1989 Dec;96(12):1701-6; discussion 1706-7.

Hemostatic effects of air versus fluid in diabetic vitrectomy.

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Department of Ophthalmology, Bascom Palmer Eye Institute, University of Miami School of Medicine.


The potential hemostatic effect of an intravitreal air bubble after diabetic vitrectomy was studied in an animal model and in a randomized clinical trial. One day after vitrectomy with induced intraoperative hemorrhage, vitreous cavity hemorrhage was present in 60% of air-filled rabbit eyes compared with 27% of fluid-filled eyes. The prevalence and extent of hemorrhage was equal in the two groups on postoperative days 3 and 7. In a clinical trial of 51 eyes undergoing diabetic vitrectomy, 70% of eyes randomized to air-filled vitreous cavity after vitrectomy had vitreous cavity hemorrhage on postoperative day 1 compared with 50% of fluid-filled eyes. At 1 week, the incidence of hemorrhage was 78% for air and 61% for fluid. The 6-month visual and anatomic results were similar in both groups. These findings suggest that an intravitreal air bubble neither improves hemostasis nor reduces the visual outcome after diabetic vitrectomy.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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