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Dev Period Med. 2015 Jul-Sep;19(3 Pt 1):324-9.

HOW TO DETERMINE THE NUTRITIONAL STATUS OF PRETERM BABIES?--REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE.

Abstract

Prematurity is a high risk factor threatening the well-being of newborns and their somatic and psychological development in the future. Preterm babies need special medical care in which proper nutrition and metabolic control play an evident role. Our review presents the current knowledge concerning the clinical value of different methods investigated in the neonatal unit setting, including: protein markers of nutritional status (albumin,prealbumin, transferrin, and Retinol Binding Protein (RBP) and hormonal markers of nutritional status (somatomedin C, visfatin and ghrelin). Moreover, there is a discussion of the methods used for evaluating body composition. A variety of different techniques based on the physical properties of organisms was tested on neonates, e.g. the Dual Energy X-ray Absorptiometry (DEXA) method and Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis (BIA). Based on the review of the literature, we can speculate that none of the above methods represents a good single marker of the babies' nutritional status, or a prognostic factor for the future development of premature infants and infants born with IUGR. A combination of several methods from different groups seems to be a promising possibility. It is critical to continue looking for markers that will in a simple and efficient way help to optimize the correct nutritional therapy in infants with IUGR and those who were born prematurely.

PMID:
26958697
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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