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J Am Board Fam Med. 2016 Mar-Apr;29(2):283-5. doi: 10.3122/jabfm.2016.02.150252.

Prediabetes Diagnosis and Treatment in Primary Care.

Author information

1
From the Department of Health Services Research, Management and Policy, University of Florida, Gainesville (AGM, RJT); the Department of Health Sciences, University of Leicester, Leicester, UK (RB). arch.mainous@ufl.edu.
2
From the Department of Health Services Research, Management and Policy, University of Florida, Gainesville (AGM, RJT); the Department of Health Sciences, University of Leicester, Leicester, UK (RB).

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The increasing prevalence of diabetes is a major health problem. The detection and treatment of prediabetes can delay the onset of diabetes and presents an important diabetes prevention strategy.

METHODS:

Using data from the 2012 National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey, we studied visits by adults aged ≥45 years without diagnosed diabetes who had an HbA1c test within 90 days of the visit (n = 518 unweighted visits; n = 11,167,004 weighted visits). HbA1c results were categorized into normal, prediabetes, and diabetes, and we examined patient characteristics (age, sex, race, payer type, body mass index) and treatment of prediabetes.

RESULTS:

Among visiting adults, 54.6% had a normal HbA1c value, 33.6% had prediabetes, and 11.9% had diabetes. Of those patient visits with HbA1c consistent with prediabetes, the number of patients diagnosed with prediabetes was too low for a reliable population estimate. Indication of treatment in the medical record (lifestyle modification counseling and/or metformin) was present in 23.0% of those with diagnosed or undiagnosed prediabetes. The most common treatment was lifestyle modification counseling.

CONCLUSIONS:

Our findings show that there are missed opportunities for diabetes prevention in primary care. Providers need to change their approach to prediabetes and play a more effective role in preventing diabetes.

KEYWORDS:

Diabetes Mellitus; Prediabetes; Primary Health Care

PMID:
26957387
DOI:
10.3122/jabfm.2016.02.150252
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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