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Accid Anal Prev. 2016 Jun;91:55-63. doi: 10.1016/j.aap.2016.02.027. Epub 2016 Mar 5.

The influence of daily sleep patterns of commercial truck drivers on driving performance.

Author information

1
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Division of Safety Research, 1095 Willowdale Road, Morgantown, WV 26505, United States. Electronic address: gchen@cdc.gov.
2
Virginia Tech Transportation Institute, Virginia Tech, 3500 Transportation Research Dr., Blacksburg, VA 24061, United States. Electronic address: youjia@vt.edu.
3
Virginia Tech Transportation Institute, Virginia Tech, 3500 Transportation Research Dr., Blacksburg, VA 24061, United States; Department of Statistics, Virginia Tech, 406A Hutcheson Hall, Blacksburg, VA 24061, United States. Electronic address: feng.guo@vt.edu.
4
Virginia Tech Transportation Institute, Virginia Tech, 3500 Transportation Research Dr., Blacksburg, VA 24061, United States. Electronic address: RHanowski@vtti.vt.edu.

Abstract

Fatigued and drowsy driving has been found to be a major cause of truck crashes. Lack of sleep is the number one cause of fatigue and drowsiness. However, there are limited data on the sleep patterns (sleep duration, sleep percentage in the duration of non-work period, and the time when sleep occurred) of truck drivers in non-work periods and the impact on driving performance. This paper examined sleep patterns of 96 commercial truck drivers during non-work periods and evaluated the influence these sleep patterns had on truck driving performance. Data were from the Naturalistic Truck Driving Study. Each driver participated in the study for approximately four weeks. A shift was defined as a non-work period followed by a work period. A total of 1397 shifts were identified. Four distinct sleep patterns were identified based on sleep duration, sleep start/end point in a non-work period, and the percentage of sleep with reference to the duration of non-work period. Driving performance was measured by safety-critical events, which included crashes, near-crashes, crash-relevant conflicts, and unintentional lane deviations. Negative binomial regression was used to evaluate the association between the sleep patterns and driving performance, adjusted for driver demographic information. The results showed that the sleep pattern with the highest safety-critical event rate was associated with shorter sleep, sleep in the early stage of a non-work period, and less sleep between 1 a.m. and 5 a.m. This study also found that male drivers, with fewer years of commercial vehicle driving experience and higher body mass index, were associated with deteriorated driving performance and increased driving risk. The results of this study could inform hours-of-service policy-making and benefit safety management in the trucking industry.

KEYWORDS:

Cluster analysis; Naturalistic driving study; Negative binomial regression; Sleep pattern; Truck driver safety

PMID:
26954762
PMCID:
PMC4828254
DOI:
10.1016/j.aap.2016.02.027
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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