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Int J Epidemiol. 1989 Dec;18(4):786-91.

Alcoholic beverage consumption and the risk of endometrial cancer. Cancer and Steroid Hormone Study Group.

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Information Resources Management Office, Centers for Disease Control, Atlanta, GA 30333.


Previous studies have suggested that alcoholic beverage consumption may lead to a decrease in a woman's oestrogen levels. It is possible that any such alcohol-associated decrease could lead to a decrease in endometrial cancer risk. To study the association between alcohol consumption and endometrial cancer, we examined data from the Cancer and Steroid Hormone Study, a multi-centre, population based, case-control study. A total of 351 women with primary epithelial endometrial cancer and 2247 women selected from the same geographical areas as the cases were interviewed for the study. As part of the interview, the participants provided information regarding their alcohol consumption during the preceding five years. Analysis of these data revealed that women who were non-drinkers had a risk of endometrial cancer of 1.83 relative to the risk of women who had consumed an average of 150 grams or more of alcohol per week (95% Cl, 1.11, 3.01). Women who drank, but who consumed less than 150 grams of alcohol per week, were at an intermediate risk. The increased risk associated with abstinence from alcohol consumption was particularly great in overweight women and was virtually absent in lean women. These results argue that alcohol ingestion may reduce a woman's risk of endometrial cancer, particularly if she is overweight.

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