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Fertil Steril. 2016 Jun;105(6):1584-1588.e1. doi: 10.1016/j.fertnstert.2016.02.028. Epub 2016 Mar 5.

Impact of female age and nulligravidity on fecundity in an older reproductive age cohort.

Author information

1
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina. Electronic address: asteiner@med.unc.edu.
2
Yale School of Public Health, New Haven, Connecticut.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To provide female age-related estimates of fecundity and incidence of infertility by history of prior pregnancy among women 30-44 years of age.

DESIGN:

Prospective, time-to-pregnancy cohort study.

SETTING:

Not applicable.

PATIENT(S):

Women, between 30 and 44 years of age, attempting to conceive for ≤3 months, and no known history of infertility, polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), or endometriosis.

INTERVENTION(S):

Not applicable.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S):

Fecundability and incidence of infertility.

RESULT(S):

Compared to women aged 30-31 years, fecundability was reduced by 14% in women 34-35 years of age (fecundability ratio [FR] 0.86, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.68-1.08), 19% in women 36-37 years of age (FR 0.81, 95% CI 0.60-1.08, 30% in women 38-39 years of age (FR 0.70, 95% CI 0.48-1.01), 53% in women 40-41 years of age (FR 0.47, 95% CI 0.28-0.78), and 59% in women 42-44 years of age (FR 0.39, 95% CI 0.16-0.93). Fecundability did not differ between women aged 30-31 years and 32-33 years. In general, fecundability and cumulative probability of pregnancy was lower for women who had never had a prior pregnancy.

CONCLUSION(S):

Women experience a significant reduction in fecundity and increase in the probability of infertility in their late thirties. At any age >30 years, women who have never conceived have a lower probability of achieving a pregnancy.

CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER:

NCT01028365.

KEYWORDS:

Reproductive aging; fecundability; infertility

Comment in

PMID:
26953733
PMCID:
PMC4893975
DOI:
10.1016/j.fertnstert.2016.02.028
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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