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Bioorg Med Chem. 2016 Apr 15;24(8):1637-47. doi: 10.1016/j.bmc.2016.02.035. Epub 2016 Feb 27.

Novel nicotine analogues with potential anti-mycobacterial activity.

Author information

1
Advance Research Products, LLC, 608, 21st Avenue, Paterson, NJ 07513, USA.
2
Advance Research Products, LLC, 608, 21st Avenue, Paterson, NJ 07513, USA. Electronic address: athmabiotech@gmail.com.
3
Fenny Pharmacy, 129, Newark Avenue, Jersey City, NJ 07302, USA.

Abstract

Tuberculosis (TB) is the second leading lethal infectious disease in the world after acquired immuno deficiency (AIDs). We have developed a series of twenty-five novel nicotine analogues with de-addiction property and tested them for their activity against Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB). In an effort to increase the specificity of action and directing nicotine analogues to target MTB, four promising compounds were further optimized via molecular docking studies against the Dihydrofolate reductase of MTB. After lead optimization, one nicotine analogue [3-(5-(3fluorophenyl)nicotinoyl)-1-methylpyrrolidin-2-one] exhibited minimum inhibitory concentration of 1 μg/mL (2.86 nM) against M. tuberculosis (H37Rv strain), a human pathogenic strain of clinically significant importance. Pharmacokinetic analysis of [3-(5-(3fluorophenyl)nicotinoyl)-1methylpyrrolidin-2-one] with lowest MIC value via oral route in Wistar rats revealed that at a dosage of 5 mg/kg body weight gave a maximum serum drug concentration (Cmax) of 2.86 μg/mL, Tmax of one hour and a half-life (T1/2) of more than 24 h and Volume of distribution (Vd) of 27.36 L. Whereas the parenteral (intra venous) route showed a Cmax of 3.37 μg/mL, Tmax of 0.05 h, T1/2 of 24 h and Vd equivalent to 23.18 L. The acute oral toxicity and repeated oral toxicity studies in female Wistar rats had an LD50>2000 mg/kg body weight. Our data suggests that nicotine derivatives developed in the present study has good metabolic stability with tunable pharmacokinetics (PK) with therapeutic potential to combat MTB. However, further in vivo studies for anti-tuberculosis activity and elucidation of mode of action could result in more promising novel drug for treating MTB. To the best of our knowledge this is the first report revealing the anti-mycobacterial potential of nicotine analogue at potential therapeutic concentrations.

KEYWORDS:

Anti-TB activity; Binding assay; Deaddiction; MABA; Mycobacterium; Nicotine analogues; Pharmacokinetics

PMID:
26951892
DOI:
10.1016/j.bmc.2016.02.035
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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