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J Infect. 2016 Jun;72(6):687-697. doi: 10.1016/j.jinf.2016.02.015. Epub 2016 Mar 3.

The association of melioidosis with climatic factors in Darwin, Australia: A 23-year time-series analysis.

Author information

1
Menzies School of Health Research, Charles Darwin University, PO Box 41096, Casuarina, NT 0811, Australia. Electronic address: Mirjam.kaestli@menzies.edu.au.
2
Centre for Clinical Vaccinology and Tropical Medicine, Nuffield Department of Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom. Electronic address: eric.grist@ndm.ox.ac.uk.
3
Menzies School of Health Research, Charles Darwin University, PO Box 41096, Casuarina, NT 0811, Australia. Electronic address: Linda.ward@menzies.edu.au.
4
Menzies School of Health Research, Charles Darwin University, PO Box 41096, Casuarina, NT 0811, Australia. Electronic address: audrey_hill_007@hotmail.com.
5
Menzies School of Health Research, Charles Darwin University, PO Box 41096, Casuarina, NT 0811, Australia. Electronic address: mark.mayo@menzies.edu.au.
6
Menzies School of Health Research, Charles Darwin University, PO Box 41096, Casuarina, NT 0811, Australia. Electronic address: bart.currie@menzies.edu.au.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

Melioidosis is an often fatal disease in humans and animals and endemic in Southeast Asia and northern Australia. It is caused by the environmental bacterium Burkholderia pseudomallei. We analysed weather and climate factors preceding new melioidosis cases in Darwin and compared the time between weather event and admission to hospital for severe and average wet season rainfall.

METHODS:

In a time-series analysis from 1990 to 2013 we applied a boosted regression tree and a negative binomial model to investigate the association between melioidosis cases and weather events. Fitted Fourier terms controlled for long-term seasonal trends.

RESULTS:

We found a rise in the dew point, cloud cover, rainfall, maximum temperature and groundwater to be associated with an increased risk to acquire melioidosis. A shorter 'putative' incubation period was evident after severe rainfall events. Rainfall occurring early in the wet season was linked to more cases as was an increase in the local sea surface temperature reflecting local weather dynamics and precipitation.

CONCLUSIONS:

Our findings demonstrate a statistical association between frequency of recorded melioidosis cases and the nature and timing of rainfall related events and suggest a future rise in the sea surface and ambient temperature may lead to increased melioidosis.

KEYWORDS:

Climate; Cloud cover; Groundwater; Melioidosis; Northern Australia; Putative incubation period; Sea surface temperature; Weather

PMID:
26945846
DOI:
10.1016/j.jinf.2016.02.015
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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