Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Behav Res Ther. 2016 Apr;79:23-34. doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2016.02.002. Epub 2016 Feb 22.

Enjoying food without caloric cost: The impact of brief mindfulness on laboratory eating outcomes.

Author information

1
Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, University of Colorado Boulder, 345 UCB Muenzinger, Boulder, CO 80309-0345, USA. Electronic address: Joanna.Arch@Colorado.edu.
2
Department of Psychology, Virginia Commonwealth University, 806 West Franklin St, Richmond, VA 23284-2018, USA. Electronic address: kwbrown@vcu.edu.
3
Department of Psychology, Virginia Commonwealth University, 806 West Franklin St, Richmond, VA 23284-2018, USA. Electronic address: goodman.rob@gmail.com.
4
Department of Psychology, Virginia Commonwealth University, 806 West Franklin St, Richmond, VA 23284-2018, USA. Electronic address: matthewdellaporta@gmail.com.
5
Department of Psychology, Virginia Commonwealth University, 806 West Franklin St, Richmond, VA 23284-2018, USA. Electronic address: kiken@kent.edu.
6
University of Denver, 2199 South University Blvd, Denver, CO 80208, USA. Electronic address: drshannatillman@gmail.com.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Mindfulness-based interventions have been increasingly applied to treat eating-related problems ranging from obesity to eating disorders. Yet few studies have empirically examined the mechanisms of a mindful approach to eating. The current studies examine the potential of brief mindfulness instructions to enhance the psychological and behavioral dimensions of eating.

METHODS:

In three experiments (total N = 319 undergraduates), we examined whether brief mindfulness instructions would enhance the positive sensory experience involved in tasting food as well as healthy eating behaviors.

RESULTS:

Relative to distraction control instructions, the first two studies demonstrated that brief mindfulness instructions increased the enjoyment of a commonly pleasurable food (chocolate; Study 1), and a food with generally more mixed associations (raisins; Study 2). The third study replicated and extended these findings to show that brief mindfulness instructions also led to lower calorie consumption of unhealthy food relative to distracted or no-instruction control conditions, an effect mediated by greater eating enjoyment.

CONCLUSIONS:

Findings demonstrated the power of brief mindfulness instructions to positively impact both health-relevant behavior and sensory experience associated with eating food. Implications for both theory and clinical applications of mindfulness are discussed.

KEYWORDS:

Calorie consumption; Eating; Eating disorders; Food; Mindfulness; Weight loss

PMID:
26945478
DOI:
10.1016/j.brat.2016.02.002
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center