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Nutr J. 2016 Mar 5;15:23. doi: 10.1186/s12937-016-0142-4.

Pairing nuts and dried fruit for cardiometabolic health.

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Sun-Maid Growers of California, 13525 S. Bethel Ave., Kingsburg, CA, 93631, USA.
Consultant to the Food and Agriculture Industries, 11030 Mora Dr, Los Altos, CA, 94024, USA.
Department of Nutritional Sciences, The Pennsylvania State University, 319 Chandlee Laboratory, University Park, PA, 16802, USA.
Nutrition Impact, LLC, 9725 D Drive North, Battle Creek, MI, 49014, USA.
Department of Nutrition Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, 32 Ridley Gardens, Toronto, ON, M6R 2T8, Canada.
Human Nutrition Unit, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Rovira i Virgili University, Sant Llorenç, 21, 43201, Reus, Spain.
Health and Nutrition Communications, 8014 Greenslope Drive, Austin, TX, 78759, USA.


Certain dietary patterns, in which fruits and nuts are featured prominently, reduce risk of diabetes and cardiovascular disease. However, estimated fruit consumption historically in the U.S. has been lower than recommendations. Dried fruit intake is even lower with only about 6.9 % of the adult population reporting any consumption. The 2015 Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee identified a gap between recommended fruit and vegetable intakes and the amount the population consumes. Even fewer Americans consume tree nuts, which are a nutrient-dense food, rich in bioactive compounds and healthy fatty acids. Consumption of fruits and nuts has been associated with reduced risk of cardiometabolic disease. An estimated 5.5 to 8.4 % of U.S. adults consume tree nuts and/or tree nut butter. This review examines the potential of pairing nuts and dried fruit to reduce cardiometabolic risk factors and focuses on emerging data on raisins and pistachios as representative of each food category. Evidence suggests that increasing consumption of both could help improve Americans' nutritional status and reduce the risk of chronic diseases.

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