Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Oncoimmunology. 2015 Jun 9;5(1):e1057388. eCollection 2016.

Density of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes correlates with extent of brain edema and overall survival time in patients with brain metastases.

Author information

1
Department for Medicine I/Clinical Division of Oncology; Medical University of Vienna; Vienna, Austria; Comprehensive Cancer Center - CNS Tumors Unit; Medical University of Vienna; Vienna, Austria.
2
Comprehensive Cancer Center - CNS Tumors Unit; Medical University of Vienna; Vienna, Austria; Institute of Neurology; Medical University of Vienna; Vienna, Austria.
3
INSERM; UMRS1138; Laboratory of Integrative Cancer Immunology; Paris, France; Université Paris Descartes; Sorbonne Paris Cité; UMRS1138; Paris, France; Sorbonne Universités; UPMC Univ Paris 06; UMRS1138; Centre de Recherche des Cordeliers; Paris, France.
4
Austrian National Cancer Registry; Statistics Austria ; Vienna, Austria.
5
Comprehensive Cancer Center - CNS Tumors Unit; Medical University of Vienna; Vienna, Austria; Department of Neurosurgery; Medical University of Vienna; Vienna, Austria.
6
Comprehensive Cancer Center - CNS Tumors Unit; Medical University of Vienna; Vienna, Austria; Department of Radiotherapy; Medical University of Vienna; Vienna, Austria.
7
Comprehensive Cancer Center - CNS Tumors Unit; Medical University of Vienna; Vienna, Austria; Division of Neuroradiology; Department of Radiology; Medical University of Vienna; Vienna, Austria.
8
Comprehensive Cancer Center - CNS Tumors Unit; Medical University of Vienna; Vienna, Austria; Center for Medical Statistics; Informatics, and Intelligent Systems; Medical University of Vienna; Vienna, Austria.
9
Comprehensive Cancer Center - CNS Tumors Unit; Medical University of Vienna; Vienna, Austria; Institute of Clinical Pathology; Medical University of Vienna; Vienna, Austria.

Abstract

The immune microenvironment of the brain differs from that of other organs and the role of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) in brain metastases (BM), one of the most common and devastating complication of cancer, is unclear. We investigated TIL subsets and their prognostic impact in 116 BM specimens using immunohistochemistry for CD3, CD8, CD45RO, FOXP3, PD1 and PD-L1. The Immunoscore was calculated as published previously. Overall, we found TIL infiltration in 115/116 (99.1%) BM specimens. PD-L1 expression was evident in 19/67 (28.4%) BM specimens and showed no correlation with TIL density (p > 0.05). TIL density was not associated with corticosteroid administration (p > 0.05). A significant difference in infiltration density according to TIL subtype was present (p < 0.001; Chi Square); high infiltration was most frequently observed for CD3+ TILs (95/116; 81.9%) and least frequently for PD1+ TILs (18/116; 15.5%; p < 0.001). Highest TIL density was observed in melanoma, followed by renal cell cancer and lung cancer BM (p < 0.001). The density of CD8+ TILs correlated positively with the extent of peritumoral edema seen on pre-operative magnetic resonance imaging (p = 0.031). The density of CD3+ (15 vs. 6 mo; p = 0.015), CD8+ (15 vs. 11 mo; p = 0.030) and CD45RO+ TILs (18 vs. 8 mo; p = 0.006) showed a positive correlation with favorable median OS times. Immunoscore showed significant correlation with survival prognosis (27 vs. 10 mo; p < 0.001). The prognostic impact of Immunoscore was independent from established prognostic parameters at multivariable analysis (HR 0.612, p < 0.001). In conclusion, our data indicate that dense TILs infiltrates are common in BM and correlate with the amount of peritumoral brain edema and survival prognosis, thus identifying the immune system as potential biomarker for cancer patients with CNS affection. Further studies are needed to substantiate our findings.

KEYWORDS:

brain metastases; immunoscore; overall survival; prognosis; tumor infiltrating lymphocytes

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Taylor & Francis Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center