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Am J Pharm Educ. 2016 Feb 25;80(1):3. doi: 10.5688/ajpe8013.

Advancing Pharmacogenomics Education in the Core PharmD Curriculum through Student Personal Genomic Testing.

Author information

1
Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, School of Pharmacy.
2
Department of Pharmacy and Therapeutics, School of Pharmacy.
3
Department of Human Genetics, Graduate School of Public Health University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To develop, implement, and evaluate "Test2Learn" a program to enhance pharmacogenomics education through the use of personal genomic testing (PGT) and real genetic data.

DESIGN:

One hundred twenty-two second-year doctor of pharmacy (PharmD) students in a required course were offered PGT as part of a larger program approach to teach pharmacogenomics within a robust ethical framework. The program added novel learning objectives, lecture materials, analysis tools, and exercises using individual-level and population-level genetic data. Outcomes were assessed with objective measures and pre/post survey instruments.

ASSESSMENT:

One hundred students (82%) underwent PGT. Knowledge significantly improved on multiple assessments. Genotyped students reported a greater increase in confidence in understanding test results by the end of the course. Similarly, undergoing PGT improved student's self-perceived ability to empathize with patients compared to those not genotyped. Most students (71%) reported feeling PGT was an important part of the course, and 60% reported they had a better understanding of pharmacogenomics specifically because of the opportunity.

CONCLUSION:

Implementation of PGT in the core pharmacy curriculum was feasible, well-received, and enhanced student learning of pharmacogenomics.

KEYWORDS:

active learning; curriculum; genetics; personal genomic testing; pharmacogenomics

PMID:
26941429
PMCID:
PMC4776296
DOI:
10.5688/ajpe8013
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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