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Nurs Adm Q. 2016 Apr-Jun;40(2):109-14. doi: 10.1097/NAQ.0000000000000150.

SCI Hospital in Home Program: Bringing Hospital Care Home for Veterans With Spinal Cord Injury.

Author information

1
James A. Haley Veterans' Hospital & Clinics, Tampa, Florida (Dr Madaris and Mss Onyebueke, Liebman, and Martin); and College of Nursing, University of South Florida, Tampa (Ms Onyebueke).

Abstract

The complex nature of spinal cord injury (SCI) and the level of care required for health maintenance frequently result in repeated hospital admissions for recurrent medical complications. Prolonged hospitalizations of persons with SCI have been linked to the increased risk of hospital-acquired infections and development or worsening pressure ulcers. An evidence-based alternative for providing hospital-level care to patients with specific diagnoses who are willing to receive that level of care in the comfort of their home is being implemented in a Department of Veterans Affairs SCI Home Care Program. The SCI Hospital in Home (HiH) model is similar to a patient-centered interdisciplinary care model that was first introduced in Europe and later tested as part of a National Demonstration and Evaluation Study through Johns Hopkins School of Medicine and School of Public Health. This was funded by the John A. Hartford Foundation and the Department of Veterans Affairs. The objectives of the program are to support veterans' choice and access to patient-centered care, reduce the reliance on inpatient medical care, allow for early discharge, and decrease medical costs. Veterans with SCI who are admitted to the HiH program receive daily oversight by a physician, daily visits by a registered nurse, access to laboratory services, oxygen, intravenous medications, and nursing care in the home setting. In this model, patients may typically access HiH services either as an "early discharge" from the hospital or as a direct admit to the program from the emergency department or SCI clinic. Similar programs providing acute hospital-equivalent care in the home have been previously implemented and are successfully demonstrating decreased length of stay, improved patient access, and increased patient satisfaction.

PMID:
26938182
DOI:
10.1097/NAQ.0000000000000150
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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