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J Gen Microbiol. 1989 Jul;135(7):1949-55.

The lipid composition and permeability to the triazole antifungal antibiotic ICI 153066 of serum-grown mycelial cultures of Candida albicans.

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Department of Biochemistry, University of Wales College of Cardiff, UK.


The total lipid content of Candida albicans (serotype A: NCPF 3153) exponential-phase mycelial cultures grown in tissue-culture medium 199 (containing 10%, v/v, foetal calf serum) was 29.8 +/- 8 mg (g dry weight)-1 (mean +/- SD). The weight ratios of phospholipid to neutral lipid and phospholipid to non-esterified sterol were 2.6 +/- 0.4 and 24.9 +/- 0.5, respectively. The major phospholipid was phosphatidylcholine with smaller amounts of phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylinositol, phosphatidylserine, phosphatidylglycerol and diphosphatidylglycerol; the most abundant fatty acids were palmitic, palmitoleic, oleic and linoleic acids. The major neutral lipids comprised esterified sterol, triacylglycerol and non-esterified fatty acid with a smaller amount of non-esterified sterol. The fatty acid compositions of the three fatty-acid-containing neutral lipids were distinct from each other and the phospholipids. Comparison with previous data on yeast cultures of C. albicans A grown in glucose broth shows that mycelial cultures have a larger lipid content, lower phospholipid to neutral lipid ratio and higher phospholipid to non-esterified sterol ratio. We now show that mycelial cultures were more permeable to a [14C]triazole antifungal antibiotic compared with exponentially growing yeast cultures of several azole-sensitive strains. Taken together these data are consistent with there being a relationship between the phospholipid/non-esterified sterol ratio of a culture and its ability to accumulate a triazole.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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