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J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2016 May;151(5):1288-97. doi: 10.1016/j.jtcvs.2015.12.063. Epub 2016 Jan 22.

A contemporary analysis of pulmonary hypertension in patients undergoing mitral valve surgery: Is this a risk factor?

Author information

1
Division of Cardiac Surgery, Bluhm Cardiovascular Institute, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Ill.
2
Division of Cardiology, Bluhm Cardiovascular Institute, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Ill.
3
Division of Cardiac Surgery, Bluhm Cardiovascular Institute, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Ill. Electronic address: pmccart@nm.org.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Pulmonary hypertension (PHT) has been considered a risk factor for mortality in cardiac surgery. Among mitral valve surgery (MVS) patients, we sought to determine if severe PHT increases mortality risk and if patients who undergo concomitant tricuspid valve surgery (TVS) incur additional risk.

METHODS:

Preoperative PHT was assessed in 1571 patients undergoing MVS, from 2004 to 2013. Patients were stratified into PHT groups as follows (mm Hg): none (<35); moderate (35-49); severe (50-79); and extreme (≥80). Propensity-score matching resulted in a total of 430 patients, by PHT groups, and 384 patients, by TVS groups.

RESULTS:

Patients with severe PHT had higher mortality, both 30-day (4% PHT vs 1% no PHT, P < .02) and late (defined as survival at 5 years): 75.5% severe versus 91.9% no PHT (P < .001). In propensity-score-matched groups, severe PHT was not a risk factor for 30-day (3% each, P = 1.0) or late mortality (86.2% severe vs 87.1% no PHT; P = .87). TVS did not increase 30-day (4.7% TVS vs 4.2% no TVS, P = .8) or late mortality (78.7% TVS vs 75.3% no TVS, P = .90). Late survival was lower in extreme PHT (75.4% vs no PHT 91.5%, P = .007), and a trend was found in 30-day mortality (11% extreme vs 3% no PHT, P = .16).

CONCLUSIONS:

Mortality in MVS is unaffected by severe PHT or the addition of TVS, yet extreme PHT remains a risk factor. Severe PHT (50-79 mm Hg) should not preclude surgery; concomitant TVS does not increase mortality.

KEYWORDS:

mitral valve surgery; pulmonary hypertension; tricuspid valve surgery

Comment in

PMID:
26936008
DOI:
10.1016/j.jtcvs.2015.12.063
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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