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Anal Bioanal Chem. 2016 May;408(12):3113-23. doi: 10.1007/s00216-016-9359-5. Epub 2016 Mar 2.

Pyrosequencing with di-base addition for single nucleotide polymorphism genotyping.

Author information

1
State Key Laboratory of Bioelectronics, School of Biological Science and Medical Engineering, Southeast University, Nanjing, Jiangsu, 210096, China.
2
Key Laboratory of Enteric Pathogenic Microbiology (NHFPC), Jiangsu Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Nanjing, Jiangsu, 210009, China.
3
State Key Laboratory of Bioelectronics, School of Biological Science and Medical Engineering, Southeast University, Nanjing, Jiangsu, 210096, China. xiaopf@seu.edu.cn.

Abstract

We develop color code-based pyrosequencing with di-base addition for analysis of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). When a di-base is added into the polymerization, one or several two-color code(s) containing the type and the number of incorporated nucleotides will be produced. The code information obtained in a single run is useful to genotype SNPs as each allelic variant will give a specific pattern compared to the two other variants. Special care has to be taken while designing the di-base dispensation order. Here, we present a detailed protocol for establishing sequence-specific di-base addition to avoid nonsynchronous extension at the SNP sites. By using this technology, as few as 50 copies of DNA templates were accurately sequenced. Higher signals were produced and thus a relatively lower sample amount was required. Furthermore, the read length of per flow was increased, making simultaneous identification of multiple SNPs in a single sequencing run possible. Validation of the method was performed by using templates with two SNPs covering 37 bp and with three SNPs covering 58 bp as well as 82 bp. These SNPs were successfully genotyped by using only a sequencing primer in a single PCR/sequencing run. Our results demonstrated that this technology could be potentially developed into a powerful methodology to accurately determine SNPs so as to diagnose clinical settings.

KEYWORDS:

Color code; Di-base; Pyrosequencing; Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs)

PMID:
26935928
DOI:
10.1007/s00216-016-9359-5
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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