Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Ophthalmology. 2016 Jun;123(6):1351-9. doi: 10.1016/j.ophtha.2016.02.022. Epub 2016 Feb 27.

Aflibercept, Bevacizumab, or Ranibizumab for Diabetic Macular Edema: Two-Year Results from a Comparative Effectiveness Randomized Clinical Trial.

Author information

1
Palmetto Retina Center, Columbia, South Carolina.
2
Jaeb Center for Health Research, Tampa, Florida.
3
Jaeb Center for Health Research, Tampa, Florida. Electronic address: drcrstat1@jaeb.org.
4
Department of Ophthalmology, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois.
5
Wilmer Eye Institute, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland.
6
Scheie Eye Institute, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
7
National Eye Institutes, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland.
8
Retina-Vitreous Surgeons of Central New York, PC, Syracuse, New York.
9
Retina Research Center, Austin, Texas.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To provide 2-year results comparing anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) agents for center-involved diabetic macular edema (DME) using a standardized follow-up and retreatment regimen.

DESIGN:

Randomized clinical trial.

PARTICIPANTS:

Six hundred sixty participants with visual acuity (VA) impairment from DME.

METHODS:

Randomization to 2.0-mg aflibercept, 1.25-mg repackaged (compounded) bevacizumab, or 0.3-mg ranibizumab intravitreous injections performed up to monthly using a protocol-specific follow-up and retreatment regimen. Focal/grid laser photocoagulation was added after 6 months if DME persisted. Visits occurred every 4 weeks during year 1 and were extended up to every 4 months thereafter when VA and macular thickness were stable.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Change in VA, adverse events, and retreatment frequency.

RESULTS:

Median numbers of injections were 5, 6, and 6 in year 2 and 15, 16, and 15 over 2 years in the aflibercept, bevacizumab, and ranibizumab groups, respectively (global P = 0.08). Focal/grid laser photocoagulation was administered in 41%, 64%, and 52%, respectively (aflibercept vs. bevacizumab, P < 0.001; aflibercept vs. ranibizumab, P = 0.04; bevacizumab vs. ranibizumab, P = 0.01). At 2 years, mean VA improved by 12.8, 10.0, and 12.3 letters, respectively. Treatment group differences varied by baseline VA (P = 0.02 for interaction). With worse baseline VA (20/50 to 20/320), mean improvement was 18.1, 13.3, and 16.1 letters, respectively (aflibercept vs. bevacizumab, P = 0.02; aflibercept vs. ranibizumab, P = 0.18; ranibizumab vs. bevacizumab, P = 0.18). With better baseline VA (20/32 to 20/40), mean improvement was 7.8, 6.8, and 8.6 letters, respectively (P > 0.10, for pairwise comparisons). Anti-Platelet Trialists' Collaboration (APTC) events occurred in 5% with aflibercept, 8% with bevacizumab, and 12% with ranibizumab (global P = 0.047; aflibercept vs. bevacizumab, P = 0.34; aflibercept vs. ranibizumab, P = 0.047; ranibizumab vs. bevacizumab, P = 0.20; global P = 0.09 adjusted for potential confounders).

CONCLUSIONS:

All 3 anti-VEGF groups showed VA improvement from baseline to 2 years with a decreased number of injections in year 2. Visual acuity outcomes were similar for eyes with better baseline VA. Among eyes with worse baseline VA, aflibercept had superior 2-year VA outcomes compared with bevacizumab, but superiority of aflibercept over ranibizumab, noted at 1 year, was no longer identified. Higher APTC event rates with ranibizumab over 2 years warrants continued evaluation in future trials.

PMID:
26935357
PMCID:
PMC4877252
DOI:
10.1016/j.ophtha.2016.02.022
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center