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Acta Paediatr. 2016 Jun;105(6):e281-90. doi: 10.1111/apa.13380. Epub 2016 Mar 22.

Assessing fundamental motor skills in Belgian children aged 3-8 years highlights differences to US reference sample.

Author information

1
Department of Movement and Sports Sciences, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium.
2
Department of Movement and Sport Sciences, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels, Belgium.
3
Department of Kinesiology, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium.
4
Kinesiology Division, Department of Human Sciences, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA.
5
School of Healthcare Science, Manchester Metropolitan University, Manchester, UK.

Abstract

AIM:

This study aimed to understand the fundamental motor skills (FMS) of Belgian children using the process-oriented Test of Gross Motor Development, Second Edition (TGMD-2) and to investigate the suitability of using the United States (USA) test norms in Belgium.

METHODS:

FMS were assessed using the TGMD-2. Gender, age and motor performance were examined in 1614 Belgian children aged 3-8 years (52.1% boys) and compared with the US reference sample.

RESULTS:

More proficient FMS performance was found with increasing age, from 3 to 6 years for locomotor skills and 3 to 7 years for object control skills. Gender differences were observed in object control skills, with boys performing better than girls. In general, Belgian children had lower levels of motor competence than the US reference sample, specifically for object control skills. The score distribution of the Belgian sample was skewed, with 37.4% scoring below average and only 6.9% scoring above average.

CONCLUSION:

This study supported the usefulness of the TGMD-2 as a process-oriented instrument to measure gross motor development in early childhood in Belgium. However, it also demonstrated that caution is warranted when using the US reference norms.

KEYWORDS:

Belgium; Early childhood; Fundamental motor skills; Reference norms; Test of Gross Motor Development

PMID:
26933944
DOI:
10.1111/apa.13380
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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