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J Ultrasound Med. 2016 Apr;35(4):683-93. doi: 10.7863/ultra.15.05061. Epub 2016 Mar 1.

Sonography of Common Peripheral Nerve Disorders With Clinical Correlation.

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Departments of Radiology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan USA.
Departments of Neurosurgery, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan USA.


Sonography is now considered an effective method to evaluate peripheral nerves. Low cost, high resolution, the ability to image an entire limb in a short time, and dynamic assessment are several of the positive attributes of sonography. This article will review the normal appearance of peripheral nerves as shown with sonography. In addition, the most common applications for sonography of the peripheral nerves will be reviewed, which include entrapment neuropathies, intraneural ganglion cyst, nerve trauma, and peripheral nerve sheath tumors. Clinical information related to nerve disorders is also included, as it provides valuable information that can be obtained during sonographic examinations, increasing diagnostic accuracy.


entrapment; musculoskeletal ultrasound; nerves; peripheral; sonography; trauma; tumor

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