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Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2016 Apr;23(8):8120-4. doi: 10.1007/s11356-016-6302-4. Epub 2016 Mar 2.

Poultry feed based on protein hydrolysate derived from chrome-tanned leather solid waste: creating value from waste.

Author information

1
School of Energy and Environmental Studies, Takshashila Campus, Devi Ahilya University, Khandwa Road, Indore, 452001, Madhya Pradesh, India. rubinachaudhary.sees@gmail.com.
2
School of Energy and Environmental Studies, Takshashila Campus, Devi Ahilya University, Khandwa Road, Indore, 452001, Madhya Pradesh, India. anupama.sees@yahoo.com.
3
Research and Development, Tata International Limited, Dewas, 455001, Madhya Pradesh, India. anupama.sees@yahoo.com.

Abstract

Leather industry generates huge amount of chrome-containing leather solid waste which creates major environment problems to tanners worldwide. Chrome-tanned leather solid waste is primarily chromium complex of collagen protein. The presence of chromium limits its protein application in animal feed industry. The purified protein hydrolysate with zero chromium could be used in poultry feed. In this study, an attempt has been made to assess performance of poultry with purified protein hydrolysate as a feed derived from chrome-tanned leather waste as partial replacement of soyabean meal as a sole source of protein for growing broiler chickens. Growth study was conducted to evaluate the effect of feeding protein hydrolysate on performance and physiochemical characteristics of meat of broiler chickens. Two experimental diets containing various levels of protein hydrolysate (EI-20 % and EII-30 %) were evaluated. The comparative study was performed as control with soyabean meal. Daily feed intake, body weight gain and feed conversion ratio were measured from day 8 to day 35. At the end of the study, birds were randomly selected and slaughtered to evaluate for physiochemical characteristics of meat. Diet had significant effects on feed intake and body weight gain. Birds fed with 20 and 30 % protein hydrolysate consumed 9.5 and 17.5 % higher amount of feed and gained 6.5 and 16.6 % higher than soyabean meal-fed birds. The current study produced evidence that protein hydrolysate can replace up to 75 % of soyabean meal in broiler diets without affecting either growth performance or meat characteristics.

KEYWORDS:

Broiler; Chrome shavings; Leather; Poultry feed; Protein hydrolysate

PMID:
26931657
DOI:
10.1007/s11356-016-6302-4
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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