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J Neurosci Res. 2016 Sep;94(9):804-13. doi: 10.1002/jnr.23726. Epub 2016 Mar 1.

Experimental febrile seizures impair interastrocytic gap junction coupling in juvenile mice.

Author information

1
Institute of Cellular Neurosciences, Medical Faculty, University of Bonn, Bonn, Germany.
2
Department of Translational Neuroscience, Brain Center Rudolf Magnus, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands.

Abstract

Prolonged and focal febrile seizures (FSs) have been associated with the development of temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE), although the underlying mechanism and the contribution of predisposing risk factors are still poorly understood. Using a kainate model of TLE, we previously provided strong evidence that interruption of astrocyte gap junction-mediated intercellular communication represents a crucial event in epileptogenesis. To elucidate this aspect further, we induced seizures in immature mice by hyperthermia (HT) to study the consequences of FSs on the hippocampal astrocytic network. Changes in interastrocytic coupling were assessed by tracer diffusion studies in acute slices from mice 5 days after experimental FS induction. The results reveal that HT-induced FSs cause a pronounced reduction of astrocyte gap junctional coupling in the hippocampus by more than 50%. Western blot analysis indicated that reduced connexin43 protein expression and/or changes in the phosphorylation status account for this astrocyte dysfunction. Remarkably, uncoupling occurred in the absence of neuronal death and reactive gliosis. These data provide a mechanistic link between FSs and the subsequent development of TLE and further strengthen the emerging view that astrocytes have a central role in the pathogenesis of this disorder.

KEYWORDS:

astroglia; connexin; epilepsy; gap junctions; hippocampus; hyperthermia

PMID:
26931373
DOI:
10.1002/jnr.23726
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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