Send to

Choose Destination
J Diet Suppl. 2016;13(5):585-94. doi: 10.3109/19390211.2016.1150932. Epub 2016 Mar 1.

Orange Peel Extracts: Chemical Characterization, Antioxidant, Antioxidative Burst, and Phytotoxic Activities.

Author information

a Nutriton and Toxicology Division , Federal Institute of Industrial Research , Lagos , Nigeria.
b H.E.J. Research Institute of Chemistry, International Center for Chemical and Biological Sciences , University of Karachi , Karachi , Pakistan.
c Dr. Panjwani Center for Molecular Medicine and Drug Research, International Center for Chemical and Biological Sciences , University of Karachi , Karachi , Pakistan.
d Department of Biochemistry, College of Medicine , University of Lagos , Lagos , Nigeria.
e Tabouk Medical College , University of Tabuk , Tabuk , Saudi Arabia.
f Department of Biochemistry , Ahmadu Bello University , Zaria , Nigeria.
g Department of Chemistry , Adamawa State University , Mubi , Nigeria.

Erratum in


The search for novel drugs and alternative medicine has led to increased research in medicinal plants. Among such plants is the orange fruit. Its peels have been utilized for long as an active ingredient in most traditional medicines. This study aims at investigating the chemical properties of the hexane and dichloromethane (DCM) extracts of orange peel as well as their biological potentials. Blended peels were extracted with n-hexane and n-dichloromethane, respectively. The resulting extracts were subjected to gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GCMS) characterization. The extracts were also assayed for free radical scavenging ability against 1,1 -diphenyl -2 picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), antioxidative burst via measuring luminol -amplified chemiluminescence response in human blood, and phytotoxicity against lemna minor. GCMS analysis revealed a predominance of fatty acid methyl esters in the hexane extract, while the DCM extract had more ketone metabolites. The DCM extract had significant (p < .05) higher free radical scavenging and antioxidative burst activities compared to the hexane. Both extracts revealed a significantly (p < .05) high phytotoxicity activity. Results from this study indicated that solvent type played a vital a role in the extraction of secondary metabolites, which are responsible for the observed biological activities. The higher activities by the DCM extract can be attributed to its constituents as revealed by GCMS analysis. There is great need to explore the phytotoxicity potentials of both extracts as natural herbicides.


antioxidative burst; phytotoxicity; scavenging activity; secondary metabolites

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Taylor & Francis
Loading ...
Support Center