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PhytoKeys. 2016 Jan 27;(59):1-828. doi: 10.3897/phytokeys.59.6261. eCollection 2016.

World checklist of hornworts and liverworts.

Author information

1
Department of Biology, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, N-7491 Trondheim, Norway.
2
Department of Science and Education, Field Museum, 1400 South Lake Shore Drive, Chicago, IL 60605-2496, United States of America.
3
Department of Biology, West Chester University, West Chester, PA 19383, United States of America.
4
Department of Botany, University of British Columbia, 6270 University Boulevard, Vancouver, BC, V6T 1Z4, Canada.
5
Royal Botanic Gardens and Domain Trust, Mrs Macquaries Road, Sydney NSW2000, Australia.
6
Centre for Australian National Biodiversity Research, Australian National Herbarium, GPO Box 1600, Canberra, ACT 2601, Australia.
7
Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botânico do Rio de Janeiro, Rua Pacheco Leão 915, 22460-030, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil.
8
Department of Plant Biology, Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, Illinois 62901-6509, United States of America.
9
CMNS-Cell Biology and Molecular Genetics, 2107 Bioscience Research Building, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742-4451, United States of America.
10
Apartado 5-1500, Acosta, Costa Rica.
11
Systematic Botany and Mycology, Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich, Menzinger Str. 67, 80638 Munich, Germany.
12
Allan Herbarium, Landcare Research, P O Box 69-040, Lincoln 7608, New Zealand.
13
Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Department Systématique et Evolution, C.P. 39, 57 Rue Cuvier, 75231 Paris 05, France.
14
Botany Unit, Finnish Museum of Natural History, University of Helsinki, P.O. Box 7, Helsinki FI-00014, Finland.
15
Department of Systematic Botany with Herbarium Haussknecht and Botanical Garden, Friedrich Schiller University, Fürstengraben 1, 07737 Jena, Germany.
16
Museu Paraense Emilio Goeldi, Coordenaçao de Botanica, Av. Magalhaes Barata 376, 66040-1 70 Belem, Para, Brazil.
17
Department of Biological Science, Graduate School of Science, Hiroshima University, Kagamiyama 1-3-1, Higashihiroshima-shi, Hiroshima 739-8526, Japan.
18
N.A. Avrorin Polar-Alpine Botanical Garden-Institute of Kola SC RAS, 184236 Kirovsk-6, Russia.
19
Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh EH3 5LR, United Kingdom.
20
Staatliches Museum für Naturkunde Stuttgart, Rosenstein 1, 70191 Stuttgart, Germany.
21
Botany Department, Institute of Biology, Eszterházy Károly College, Eger, Pf. 43, H-3301, Hungary.
22
Departamento de Botánica, Facultad de Ciencias Biológicas, Universitat de València. C/ Dr. Moliner 50, E-46100, Burjassot (Valencia), Spain.
23
Albrecht-von-Haller-Institut für Pflanzenwissenschaften, Department of Systematics, Biodiversity and Evolution of Plants, Untere Karspüle 2, 37073 Göttingen, Germany.
24
Mittlere Letten 11, 88634 Herdwangen-Schönach, Germany.
25
Centro de Investigaciones sobre Desertificación (CIDE-CSIC-UV-GV), C/ Carretera de Moncada-Náquera Km. 4.5, E-46113, Moncada (Valencia), Spain.
26
Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Burapha University, Mueang, 20131 Chonburi, Thailand.
27
William and Lynda Steere Herbarium, The New York, Botanical Garden, Bronx, New York 10458-5126, United States of America.
28
Instituto de Ciencias Naturales. Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Apartado 7495, Bogotá D.C., Colombia.
29
Department of Botany, Charles University, Benátská 2, CZ-128 01 Praha 2, Czech Republic.
30
Department of Biology, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität, Menzinger Str. 67, D-80638, München, Germany.
31
36, Big Green, Warmington, Peterborough PE8 6TU, United Kingdom.
32
Shenzhen Key Laboratory of Southern Subtropical Plant Diversity, Fairylake Botanical Garden, 160 Xianhu Rd., Liantang, Shenzhen 518004, Guangdong, China.
33
Department of Biology, School of Life Sciences, East China Normal University, 3663 Zhong Shan North Road, Shanghai 200062, China.

Abstract

A working checklist of accepted taxa worldwide is vital in achieving the goal of developing an online flora of all known plants by 2020 as part of the Global Strategy for Plant Conservation. We here present the first-ever worldwide checklist for liverworts (Marchantiophyta) and hornworts (Anthocerotophyta) that includes 7486 species in 398 genera representing 92 families from the two phyla. The checklist has far reaching implications and applications, including providing a valuable tool for taxonomists and systematists, analyzing phytogeographic and diversity patterns, aiding in the assessment of floristic and taxonomic knowledge, and identifying geographical gaps in our understanding of the global liverwort and hornwort flora. The checklist is derived from a working data set centralizing nomenclature, taxonomy and geography on a global scale. Prior to this effort a lack of centralization has been a major impediment for the study and analysis of species richness, conservation and systematic research at both regional and global scales. The success of this checklist, initiated in 2008, has been underpinned by its community approach involving taxonomic specialists working towards a consensus on taxonomy, nomenclature and distribution.

KEYWORDS:

Anthocerophyta; Marchantiophyta; nomenclature; taxonomy

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