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J Health Psychol. 2017 Oct;22(12):1563-1569. doi: 10.1177/1359105316631196. Epub 2016 Feb 29.

Body dissatisfaction and psychological distress in adolescents: Is self-esteem a mediator?

Author information

1
1 Université du Québec à Chicoutimi, Canada.
2
2 CRIPCAS-Interdisciplinary Research Centre on Relationship Problems and Sexual Abuse, Canada.
3
3 Université Laval, Canada.
4
4 Université de Montréal, Canada.

Abstract

This brief report tests the mediating effect of self-esteem in the relationship between body dissatisfaction and symptoms of depression and anxiety. A sample of 409 adolescents (females = 58.4%) aged between 14 and 18 years completed the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, the Contour Drawing Rating Scale, the Multidimensional Anxiety Scale for Children, and the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale. Overall, results for the indirect effects analysis were significant for both anxiety and depression, which confirmed the mediating role of self-esteem. Thus, a negative perception of one's body image has the effect of lowering self-esteem, which in turn increases psychological distress.

KEYWORDS:

adolescents; anxiety; body image; depression; mediator; self-esteem

PMID:
26929171
DOI:
10.1177/1359105316631196
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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