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Eat Weight Disord. 2016 Dec;21(4):645-651. Epub 2016 Feb 29.

Eating breakfast, fruit and vegetable intake and their relation with happiness in college students.

Author information

1
Department of Human Nutrition, Faculty of Health, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran.
2
Tabriz Health Services Management Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran. ampoorasl@gmail.com.
3
Department of Statistics and Epidemiology, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, 14711, Iran. ampoorasl@gmail.com.
4
Children Growth Research Center, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran.
5
Department of Public Health, Alborz University of Medical Sciences, Karaj, Iran.
6
Clinical Psychiatry Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Nutrition plays a major role in physical and mental health. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationships between happiness and fruit and vegetable intake as well as eating breakfast in students.

METHODS:

In this cross-sectional web-based study, all students of Qazvin University of Medical Sciences in Iran who attended course classes were invited to participate in the study. Five hundred forty-one students filled out the web-based questionnaire which included questions related to measurement of happiness, breakfast, fruit and vegetable consumption and socio-economic and demographic information. Analysis of covariance was used to assess the relationship between happiness and breakfast, fruit and vegetable consumption by adjustments for covariates.

RESULTS:

Measure of happiness was positively associated with eating breakfast, number of meals eaten daily and the amount of fruit and vegetable consumption (P values were <0.001, 0.008, 0.02, and 0.045 respectively). Students who ate breakfast every day, more than 8 servings of fruit and vegetables daily, and had 3 meals in addition to 1-2 snacks per day had the highest happiness score.

CONCLUSION:

Healthier behavior pattern was associated with higher happiness scores among medical students.

KEYWORDS:

Breakfast; Diet; Fruit and vegetable; Happiness; Life satisfaction; Nutrition

PMID:
26928281
DOI:
10.1007/s40519-016-0261-0
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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