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Nanoscale. 2016 Mar 21;8(11):6043-56. doi: 10.1039/c5nr07938a. Epub 2016 Mar 1.

Influence of substrate misorientation on the photoluminescence and structural properties of InGaAs/GaAsP multiple quantum wells.

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Key Laboratory of Interface Science and Engineering in Advanced Materials, Taiyuan University of Technology, Ministry of Education, Taiyuan, Shanxi 030024, P. R. China.


InGaAs/GaAsP multiple quantum wells (MQWs) were grown by metal-organic chemical vapor deposition on vicinal GaAs (001) substrates with different miscut angles of 0°, 2° and 15° towards [110]. The crystal structures of InGaAs/GaAsP were characterized by high-resolution X-ray diffraction and Raman spectroscopy. The surface morphologies of InGaAs/GaAsP MQWs were observed by atomic force microscopy. The mechanisms for step flow, step bunching and pyramid growth on 0°, 2° and 15° misoriented substrates were discussed. The results provide a comprehensive phenomenological understanding of the self-ordering mechanism of vicinal GaAs substrates, which could be harnessed for designing the quantum optical properties of low-dimensional systems. From low-temperature photoluminescence, it was observed that the luminescence from the MQWs grown on a vicinal surface exhibits a red-shift with respect to the 0° case. An extra emission was observed from the 2° and 15° off samples, indicating the characteristics of quantum wire and pyramidal self-controlled quantum-dot systems, respectively. Its absence from the PL spectrum on 0° surfaces indicates that indium segregation is modified on the surfaces. The relationship between InGaAs/GaAsP MQWs grown on vicinal substrates and their optical and structural properties was explained, which provides a technological basis for obtaining different self-controlled nanostructures.


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