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Clin Nutr. 2017 Apr;36(2):552-558. doi: 10.1016/j.clnu.2016.02.003. Epub 2016 Feb 13.

Oxidative stress, HDL functionality and effects of intravenous iron administration in women with iron deficiency anemia.

Author information

1
Laboratory of Lipids and Atherosclerosis, School of Pharmacy and Biochemistry, INFIBIOC, University of Buenos Aires, CONICET, Buenos Aires, Argentina. Electronic address: tomasmero@yahoo.com.ar.
2
National Institute for Health and Medical Research (INSERM), UMR ICAN 1166, University of Pierre et Marie Curie - Paris 6, AP-HP, Groupe Hospitalier Pitié-Salpétrière, Paris, F-75013, France.
3
Laboratory of Lipids and Atherosclerosis, School of Pharmacy and Biochemistry, INFIBIOC, University of Buenos Aires, CONICET, Buenos Aires, Argentina.
4
Central Laboratory, Italian Hospital of Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina.
5
Hematology Division, Italian Hospital of Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND AIMS:

Iron deficiency anemia (IDA) affects around 20-30% of adults worldwide. An association between IDA and cardiovascular disease (CVD) has been reported. Oxidative stress, inflammation and low concentration of high-density lipoproteins (HDL) were implicated on endothelial dysfunction and CVD in IDA. We studied the effects of iron deficiency and of an intravenous iron administration on oxidative stress and HDL characteristics in IDA women.

METHODS:

Two studies in IDA women are presented: a case-control study, including 18 patients and 18 age-matched healthy women, and a follow-up study 72hr after the administration of intravenous iron (n = 16). Lipids, malondialdehyde, cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP), paraoxonase-1 (PON-1) and HDL chemical composition and functionality (cholesterol efflux and antioxidative activity) were measured. Cell cholesterol efflux from iron-deficient macrophages to a reference HDL was also evaluated.

RESULTS:

IDA patients showed higher triglycerides and CETP activity and lower HDL-C than controls (all p < 0.001). HDL particles from IDA patients showed higher triglyceride content (+30%,p < 0.05) and lower antioxidative capacity (-23%,p < 0.05). Although HDL-mediated cholesterol efflux was similar between the patients and controls, iron deficiency provoked a significant reduction in macrophage cholesterol efflux (-25%,p < 0.05). Arylesterase activity of PON-1 was significantly lower in IDA patients than controls (-16%,p < 0.05). The intravenous administration of iron was associated with a decrease in malondialdehyde levels and an increase in arylesterase activity of PON-1 (-22% and +18%, respectively, p < 0.05).

CONCLUSION:

IDA is associated with oxidative stress and functionally deficient HDL particles. It remains to be determined if such alterations suffice to impair endothelial function in IDA.

KEYWORDS:

HDL; Iron; Iron deficiency anemia; Lipoproteins; Oxidative stress; Paraoxonase

PMID:
26926576
DOI:
10.1016/j.clnu.2016.02.003
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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