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J Womens Health Issues Care. 2015;4(5). pii: 1000203. Epub 2015 Sep 23.

Knowledge of HPV among HIV-Infected and HIV-Uninfected Adolescent Women in South Africa.

Author information

1
Department of Internal Medicine and Pediatrics, University of Rochester, Rochester NY, USA.
2
601 Elmwood Avenue, Box 655, Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY, 14534, USA.
3
Desmond Tutu HIV Centre, Institute of Infectious Diseases & Molecular Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Cape Town, Anzio Road, Observatory, Cape Town, South Africa.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The aim of this study is to examine the knowledge of human papillomavirus (HPV) and cervical cancer among HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected female adolescents in South Africa.

METHODS:

Subjects were recruited from a parent study of HPV infection comprised of females ages 16-21 in Masiphumelele, Cape Town, South Africa. A total of 30 subjects, 15 HIV-infected and 15 HIV-uninfected, were selected via randomization and completed a measure of HPV knowledge, based on a previously validated instrument. The study took place in May 2013.

RESULTS:

The overall mean score on the measure for all subjects was 43.3% (S.D. 10.9). There was no significant difference in HPV knowledge between the HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected groups. Based on results from a previous large-scale study using the same validated measure, this sample scored significantly worse on general HPV knowledge than samples from the US, UK, and Australia.

CONCLUSION:

Given the limited knowledge of HPV in this sample, there is greater need for education about the prevention of cervical cancer, specifically among high-risk adolescent women.

KEYWORDS:

Adolescent; Cervical Cancer; HIV; HPV; Knowledge; South Africa; Vaccine

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