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Sleep Med. 2016 May;21:160-4. doi: 10.1016/j.sleep.2015.11.015. Epub 2015 Dec 8.

The link between parent and child sleep disturbances in children with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder.

Author information

1
The Child Psychiatry Unit, Edmond and Lily Safra Children's Hospital, Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer, Ramat-Gan, Israel.
2
The Child Psychiatry Unit, Edmond and Lily Safra Children's Hospital, Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer, Ramat-Gan, Israel; Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Israel.
3
The Child Psychiatry Unit, Edmond and Lily Safra Children's Hospital, Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer, Ramat-Gan, Israel; Department of Psychology, The Interdisciplinary Center, Herzliya, Israel. Electronic address: yonikushnir@gmail.com.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Although sleep problems are widely known to be a prominent feature of childhood attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), little is known about the link between these difficulties and parental sleep disturbances.

METHODS:

The design was cross-sectional assessing a clinical sample of 62 children, aged 7-17 years (mean age = 10.0 years) diagnosed with ADHD and their parents. All participants completed measures of ADHD symptoms, sleep, anxiety, and executive functioning.

RESULTS:

Regression analysis revealed that child's pre-sleep arousal significantly predicted parental sleep, and that medication status and children's anxiety significantly predicted children's sleep. Children with a clinical sleep score were more impaired in behavioral, emotional, and cognitive domains.

CONCLUSION:

Parents of children with ADHD exhibit sleep disturbances that might be affected by their child's arousal prior to bedtime. The nature of the interaction between children with ADHD and their parents' sleep abnormalities is yet to be elucidated.

KEYWORDS:

ADHD; Anxiety; Children; Parental sleep; Pre-sleep arousal; Sleep

PMID:
26922619
DOI:
10.1016/j.sleep.2015.11.015
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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