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J Transcult Nurs. 2017 May;28(3):269-277. doi: 10.1177/1043659616634170. Epub 2016 Feb 25.

The United States Does CAIR About Cultural Safety: Examining Cultural Safety Within Indigenous Health Contexts in Canada and the United States.

Author information

1
1 University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.
2
2 Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, AZ, USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

This article examines the concept and use of the term cultural safety in Canada and the United States.

DESIGN:

To examine the uptake of cultural awareness, cultural sensitivity, cultural competence, and cultural safety between health organizations in Canada and the United States, we reviewed position statements/policies of health care associations.

FINDINGS:

The majority of selected health associations in Canada include cultural safety within position statements or organizational policies; however, comparable U.S. organizations focused on cultural sensitivity and cultural competence.

DISCUSSION:

Through the work of the Center for American Indian Resilience, we demonstrate that U.S. researchers engage with the tenets of cultural safety-despite not using the language.

CONCLUSIONS:

We recommend that health care providers and health researchers consider the tenets of cultural safety.

IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE:

To address health disparities between American Indian populations and non-American Indians, we urge the adoption of the term and tenets of cultural safety in the United States.

KEYWORDS:

cultural competence; cultural safety; participatory research

PMID:
26920574
PMCID:
PMC6047898
DOI:
10.1177/1043659616634170
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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