Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Conserv Biol. 2016 Aug;30(4):900-4. doi: 10.1111/cobi.12707. Epub 2016 Apr 28.

Assessing the extent and nature of wildlife trade on the dark web.

Author information

1
School of Computing, University of Kent, Canterbury, Kent, CT2 7NF, U.K.
2
Durrell Institute of Conservation and Ecology, School of Anthropology and Conservation, Marlowe Building, University of Kent, Canterbury, Kent, CT2 7NR, U.K.
3
Interdisciplinary Centre for Cyber Security Research, University of Kent, Canterbury, Kent, CT2 7NF, U.K.

Abstract

Use of the internet as a trade platform has resulted in a shift in the illegal wildlife trade. Increased scrutiny of illegal wildlife trade has led to concerns that online trade of wildlife will move onto the dark web. To provide a baseline of illegal wildlife trade on the dark web, we downloaded and archived 9852 items (individual posts) from the dark web, then searched these based on a list of 121 keywords associated with illegal online wildlife trade, including 30 keywords associated with illegally traded elephant ivory on the surface web. Results were compared with items known to be illegally traded on the dark web, specifically cannabis, cocaine, and heroin, to compare the extent of the trade. Of these 121 keywords, 4 resulted in hits, of which only one was potentially linked to illegal wildlife trade. This sole case was the sale and discussion of Echinopsis pachanoi (San Pedro cactus), which has hallucinogenic properties. This negligible level of activity related to the illegal trade of wildlife on the dark web relative to the open and increasing trade on the surface web may indicate a lack of successful enforcement against illegal wildlife trade on the surface web.

KEYWORDS:

CITES; Tor; autoridad; darknet; deep web; enforcement; ilegal; illegal wildlife trade; internet; mercado ilegal; police; policĂ­a; red oscura; red profunda

PMID:
26918590
DOI:
10.1111/cobi.12707
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wiley
Loading ...
Support Center