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Health Econ. 2017 Apr;26(4):403-420. doi: 10.1002/hec.3315. Epub 2016 Feb 26.

The Effects of State-Mandated Abstinence-Based Sex Education on Teen Health Outcomes.

Author information

1
Department of Economics, Krannert School of Management, Purdue University, USA.
2
Department of Economics, Texas A&M University, USA.

Abstract

In 2011, the USA had the second highest teen birth rate of any developed nation, according to the World Bank, . In an effort to lower teen pregnancy rates, several states have enacted policies requiring abstinence-based sex education. In this study, we utilize a difference-in-differences research design to analyze the causal effects of state-level sex education policies from 2000-2011 on various teen sexual health outcomes. We find that state-level abstinence education mandates have no effect on teen birth rates or abortion rates, although we find that state-level policies may affect teen sexually transmitted disease rates in some states.

KEYWORDS:

STD; abstinence; pregnancy; sex education; state policy

PMID:
26918400
DOI:
10.1002/hec.3315
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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