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Carbohydr Polym. 2016 May 20;142:141-8. doi: 10.1016/j.carbpol.2016.01.021. Epub 2016 Jan 12.

Ganoderma lucidum polysaccharides encapsulated in liposome as an adjuvant to promote Th1-bias immune response.

Author information

1
Institute of Traditional Chinese Veterinary Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, PR China.
2
Institute of Traditional Chinese Veterinary Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, PR China. Electronic address: dywang@njau.edu.cn.

Abstract

Liposome-based vaccine delivery systems are known to enhance immune responses. Ganoderma lucidum polysaccharides (GLP) have been widely studied as immunomodulator and it could be as inducers of strong immune responses. In the research, GLP and ovalbumin (OVA) were encapsulated into liposome as vaccine and inoculated to mice. The magnitude and kinetics of the humoral and cellular immune responses were investigated. The results showed that GLP-OVA-loaded liposomes (GLPL/OVA) could induce more powerful antigen-specific immune responses than each single-component formulation. Mice immunized with GLPL/OVA displayed higher antigen-specific IgG antibodies, better splenocytes proliferation, higher cytokine secretion by splenocytes and significant activation of CD3+CD4+ and CD3+CD8+ T cells. Thus the GLPL/OVA formulation produced a heightened humoral and cellular immune response, with an overall Th1 bias. Enhanced immune responses elicited by the GLPL/OVA formulation might be attributed to effective activation and mature of DC in draining lymph nodes. Overall, these findings indicate that GLPL have the potential to enhance immune responses as vaccine delivery systems.

KEYWORDS:

Ganoderma lucidum polysaccharides; Immune response; Liposome; OVA

PMID:
26917384
DOI:
10.1016/j.carbpol.2016.01.021
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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