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J Aging Health. 2017 Feb;29(1):172-184. doi: 10.1177/0898264316634571. Epub 2016 Jul 8.

Association of Hearing Impairment and Anxiety in Older Adults.

Author information

1
1 Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA.
2
2 University of California, San Francisco, USA.
3
3 National Institute on Aging, Baltimore, MD, USA.
4
4 State University of New York Downstate Medical Center, Brooklyn, New York City, USA.
5
5 Institute of Applied Health Sciences School of Medicine and Dentistry, Aberdeen, UK.
6
6 VA Pittsburgh Healthcare System, PA, USA.
7
7 University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, USA.
8
8 National Institute on Aging, Baltimore, MD, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The objective of the study is was investigate the association between hearing impairment and anxiety.

METHOD:

We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of 1,732 community-based adults aged 76 to 85 years who participated in the Health Aging and Body Composition (ABC) study. Logistic regression models were adjusted for demographic and cardiovascular risk factors. Hearing impairment was defined by the speech-frequency pure tone average. Anxiety was defined as reporting two symptoms of at least "a little" or one symptom "quite a bit" on the three-item Hopkins Symptom Checklist.

RESULTS:

Compared with individuals with no hearing impairment, the odds of prevalent anxiety were higher among individuals with mild hearing impairment (odds ratio [OR] = 1.32, 95% confidence interval [CI] = [1.01, 1.73]) and moderate or greater hearing impairment (OR = 1.59, 95% CI = [1.14, 2.22]). Hearing aid use was not significantly associated with lower odds of anxiety.

DISCUSSION:

Hearing impairment is independently associated with greater odds of anxiety symptoms in older adults.

KEYWORDS:

anxiety; geriatrics; hearing; mental health

PMID:
26916793
PMCID:
PMC5704938
DOI:
10.1177/0898264316634571
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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