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Sports Med. 2016 Sep;46(9):1239-48. doi: 10.1007/s40279-016-0507-z.

Resistance Training as a Tool for Preventing and Treating Musculoskeletal Disorders.

Author information

1
Exercise and Chronic Disease Research Laboratory, Physical Education Department, School of Sciences, São Paulo State University-UNESP, Av. Engenheiro Luiz Edmundo Carrijo Coube 14-06, Bauru, 17033-360, Brazil. ciolac@fc.unesp.br.
2
Exercise and Chronic Disease Research Laboratory, Physical Education Department, School of Sciences, São Paulo State University-UNESP, Av. Engenheiro Luiz Edmundo Carrijo Coube 14-06, Bauru, 17033-360, Brazil.

Abstract

The aging process is characterized by several physiological, morphological, and psychological alterations that result in a decreased functional and health status throughout the life span. Among these alterations, the loss of muscle mass and strength (sarcopenia) is receiving increased attention because of its association with innumerous age-related disorders, including (but not limited to) osteoporosis, osteoarthritis, low back pain, risk of fall, and disability. Regular participation in resistance training programs can minimize the musculoskeletal alterations that occur during aging, and may contribute to the health and well-being of the older population. Compelling evidence suggest that regular practice of resistance exercise may prevent and control the development of several musculoskeletal chronic diseases. Moreover, resistance training may also improve physical fitness, function, and independence in older people with musculoskeletal disorders, which may result in improved quality of the years lived. In summary, regular participation in resistance training programs plays an important role in aging and may be a preventive and therapeutic tool for several musculoskeletal disorders.

PMID:
26914266
DOI:
10.1007/s40279-016-0507-z
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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