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Genet Mol Res. 2016 Jan 29;15(1). doi: 10.4238/gmr.15017433.

Prognostic significance of long non-coding RNA MALAT-1 in various human carcinomas: a meta-analysis.

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State Key Laboratory of Reproductive Medicine, Department of Urology, First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, China.
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, China.


The long non-coding RNA MALAT-1 plays an important role in cancer prognosis. The present research aimed to elucidate its precise predictive value in various human carcinomas. A quantitative meta-analysis was performed by searching PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library (most recently, January 2015) databases, and extracting data from studies that investigated the association between MALAT-1 expression and survival outcomes in patients of various cancers. Pooled hazard ratios (HRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated as a measure of generalized effect. This meta-analysis included 1317 cases from 12 datasets. Our investigation revealed that poor overall survival (OS; HR = 2.14, 95% CI = 1.74-2.64) and shortened disease-free, recurrence-free, disease-specific, or progression-free survival (HR = 2.13, 95% CI = 1.22-3.72) can be predicted by high MALAT-1 expression for various cancers. Moreover, elevated MALAT-1 levels significantly correlated with decreased OS in a renal cell carcinoma (RCC) subgroup (HR = 3.43, 95% CI = 1.80-6.53). These results imply that MALAT-1 can be used to predict unfavorable prognoses for several cancers, particularly RCC.

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