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Biochemistry. 1989 Oct 3;28(20):8129-35.

Cloning, analysis, and bacterial expression of human farnesyl pyrophosphate synthetase and its regulation in Hep G2 cells.

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Department of Biochemical Regulation, Merck Institute for Therapeutic Research, Merck Sharp & Dohme Research Laboratories, Rahway, New Jersey 07065.


A partial length cDNA encoding farnesyl pyrophosphate synthetase (hpt807) has been isolated from a human fetal liver cDNA library in lambda gt11. DNA sequence analysis reveals hpt807 is 1115 bp in length and contains an open reading frame coding for 346 amino acids before reaching a stop codon, a polyadenylation addition sequence, and the first 14 residues of a poly(A+) tail. Considerable nucleotide and deduced amino acid sequence homology is observed between hpt807 and previously isolated rat liver cDNAs for farnesyl pyrophosphate synthetase. Comparison with rat cDNAs suggests that hpt807 is about 20 bp short of encoding the initiator methionine of farnesyl pyrophosphate synthetase. The human cDNA was cloned into a prokaryotic expression vector and Escherichia coli strain DH5 alpha F'IQ was transformed. Clones were isolated that express an active fusion protein which can be readily observed on protein gels and specifically stained on immunoblots with an antibody raised against purified chicken farnesyl pyrophosphate phosphate synthetase. These data confirm the identity of hpt807 as encoding farnesyl pyrophosphate synthetase. Slot blot analyses of RNA isolated from Hep G2 cells show that the expression of farnesyl pyrophosphate synthetase mRNA is regulated. Lovastatin increases mRNA levels for farnesyl pyrophosphate synthetase 2.5-fold while mevalonic acid, low-density lipoprotein, and 25-hydroxycholesterol decrease mRNA levels to 40-50% of control values.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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