Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Int J Mol Sci. 2016 Feb 22;17(2):264. doi: 10.3390/ijms17020264.

Benzyl Isothiocyanate Inhibits Prostate Cancer Development in the Transgenic Adenocarcinoma Mouse Prostate (TRAMP) Model, Which Is Associated with the Induction of Cell Cycle G1 Arrest.

Cho HJ1,2, Lim DY3, Kwon GT4,5, Kim JH6, Huang Z7, Song H8, Oh YS9, Kang YH10, Lee KW11,12, Dong Z13, Park JH14,15,16.

Author information

1
Department of Food Science and Nutrition, Hallym University, Chuncheon 200-702, Korea. hanjini@snu.ac.kr.
2
WCU Biomodulation Major, Department of Agricultural Biotechnology and Center for Food and Bioconvergence, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-921, Korea. hanjini@snu.ac.kr.
3
The Hormel Institute, University of Minnesota, Austin, MN 55912, USA. ldydo@hanmail.net.
4
Department of Food Science and Nutrition, Hallym University, Chuncheon 200-702, Korea. kgt486@snu.ac.kr.
5
Advanced Institutes of Convergence Technology, Seoul National University, Suwon 443-270, Korea. kgt486@snu.ac.kr.
6
Department of Food Science and Nutrition, Hallym University, Chuncheon 200-702, Korea. jihui6657@daum.net.
7
Key Laboratory for Medical Molecular Diagnostics of Guangdong Province, Dongguan Scientific Research Center, Guangdong Medical University, Dongguan, Guangdong 523808, China. zn_huang@yahoo.com.
8
Department of Food Science and Nutrition, Hallym University, Chuncheon 200-702, Korea. hyerim0715@hallym.ac.kr.
9
Department of Molecular Medicine, School of Medicine, Lee Gil Ya Cancer and Diabetes Institute, Gachon University, Incheon 406-799, Korea. with62@gachon.ac.kr.
10
Department of Food Science and Nutrition, Hallym University, Chuncheon 200-702, Korea. yhkang@hallym.ac.kr.
11
WCU Biomodulation Major, Department of Agricultural Biotechnology and Center for Food and Bioconvergence, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-921, Korea. kiwon@snu.ac.kr.
12
Advanced Institutes of Convergence Technology, Seoul National University, Suwon 443-270, Korea. kiwon@snu.ac.kr.
13
The Hormel Institute, University of Minnesota, Austin, MN 55912, USA. zgdong@hi.umn.edu.
14
Department of Food Science and Nutrition, Hallym University, Chuncheon 200-702, Korea. jyoon@hallym.ac.kr.
15
Advanced Institutes of Convergence Technology, Seoul National University, Suwon 443-270, Korea. jyoon@hallym.ac.kr.
16
Research Institute of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-742, Korea. jyoon@hallym.ac.kr.

Abstract

Benzyl isothiocyanate (BITC) is a hydrolysis product of glucotropaeolin, a compound found in cruciferous vegetables, and has been shown to have anti-tumor properties. In the present study, we investigated whether BITC inhibits the development of prostate cancer in the transgenic adenocarcinoma mouse prostate (TRAMP) mice. Five-week old, male TRAMP mice and their nontransgenic littermates were gavage-fed with 0, 5, or 10 mg/kg of BITC every day for 19 weeks. The weight of the genitourinary tract increased markedly in TRAMP mice and this increase was suppressed significantly by BITC feeding. H and E staining of the dorsolateral lobes of the prostate demonstrated that well-differentiated carcinoma (WDC) was a predominant feature in the TRAMP mice. The number of lobes with WDC was reduced by BITC feeding while that of lobes with prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia was increased. BITC feeding reduced the number of cells expressing Ki67 (a proliferation marker), cyclin A, cyclin D1, and cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK)2 in the prostatic tissue. In vitro cell culture results revealed that BITC decreased DNA synthesis, as well as CDK2 and CDK4 activity in TRAMP-C2 mouse prostate cancer cells. These results indicate that inhibition of cell cycle progression contributes to the inhibition of prostate cancer development in TRAMP mice treated with BITC.

KEYWORDS:

TRAMP; benzyl isothiocyanate; cell cycle arrest; prostate cancer development

PMID:
26907265
PMCID:
PMC4783993
DOI:
10.3390/ijms17020264
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI) Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center