Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Sleep Med. 2016 Jun;22:91-96. doi: 10.1016/j.sleep.2015.11.003. Epub 2015 Dec 2.

Comparison of in-laboratory and home diagnosis of sleep apnea using a cordless portable acoustic device.

Author information

1
Sleep Research Laboratory and Home, Community and Institutional Environments Team, Toronto Rehabilitation Institute, University Health Network, Toronto Rehabilitation Institute, Toronto, ON, Canada. Electronic address: hisham.alshaer@uhn.ca.
2
Toronto Rehabilitation Institute, University Health Network Toronto Rehabilitation Institute, Toronto, ON, Canada.
3
Sleep Research Laboratory, Toronto Rehabilitation Institute, University Health Network Toronto Rehabilitation Institute, Department of Occupational Science and Occupational therapy, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada; Department of Occupational Science and Occupational therapy, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada.
4
Sleep Research Laboratory and Home, Community and Institutional Environments Team, Toronto Rehabilitation Institute, University Health Network, Toronto Rehabilitation Institute, Toronto, ON, Canada; Sleep Research Laboratories of the Toronto Rehabilitation Institute and Toronto General Hospital, University Health Network; Centre for Sleep Medicine and Circadian Biology of the University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES:

Sleep apnea (SA) is a common, serious, but underdiagnosed condition. There is a need for more accessible and economic means of diagnosing SA in the home. The aim of this study was to test the validity of a cordless acoustic portable device (BresoDx™) for home diagnosis of SA compared with standard polysomnography (PSG).

METHODS:

A total of 135 subjects underwent full overnight PSG and simultaneous recording of breath sounds by BresoDx in the sleep laboratory. Acoustic data extracted from BresoDx were analyzed using validated computer acoustic algorithms. The PSG-derived apnea-hypopnea index (AHI-p) and the acoustic AHI (AHI-a) were calculated and compared. A subset of 100 subjects used the device in a subsequent night in their home from which home AHI (AHI-h) was determined.

RESULTS:

The correlation between AHI-a and simultaneous AHI-p was 95.2% and diagnostic accuracy of BresoDx ranged between 88.9% and 93.3% around AHI cutoffs of 5-15. In the home, AHI-h did not differ significantly from AHI-p (p = 0.60). Using an AHI-p cutoff ≥ 10 BresoDx's accuracy was 81%. Of the 100 subjects, 81 (81%) had low inter-night variability measured by a difference between home AHI-h and PSG AHI-p < 10 event/h, while 19% had higher inter-night variability.

CONCLUSION:

AHI determined using BresoDx was in excellent agreement with simultaneous AHI-p. The majority of patients had a consistent AHI in their subsequent home study with very good overall diagnostic accuracy. We conclude that BresoDx is a reliable device for diagnosing SA that can be used by subjects, unattended in their own homes.

KEYWORDS:

Acoustic; Cordless portable device; Home diagnosis; Sleep apnea

PMID:
26906396
DOI:
10.1016/j.sleep.2015.11.003
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center