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Actas Esp Psiquiatr. 2016 Jan-Feb;44(1):13-9. Epub 2016 Jan 1.

Psychometric properties of the Plutchik´s Violence Risk Scale on adolescent sample of Spanish-speaking population.

Author information

1
Ph D. Psychologist of the Juvenile Court in Toledo (Spain). Ministry of Justice of Spain. Professor in the Department of Biological and Health Psychology, Autonomous University of Madrid.
2
Department of Personality, Assessment and Psychological Treatment, University of Granada & School of Psychological Sciences, Monash University. Melbourne, Australia.
3
Scientific Projects Director. Fundación ICEERS Foundation.

Abstract

OBJETIVE:

The objective of the present study was the validation and scaling of the Plutchik's Violence Risk Scale (EV) in adolescent Spanish-speaking population.

METHODS:

For this purpose, a sample of adolescents from El Salvador, Mexico and Spain was obtained. The sample consisted of 1035 participants with a mean age of 16.2. There were 450 adolescents from forensic population (those who committed crime) and 585 adolescents from normal population (no crime committed).

RESULTS:

The internal consistency of the EV was estimated by Cronbach's alpha coefficient and with a value of 0.782. As for validity, the factorial structures found explain a large proportion of the variance (53.385%); the convergent validity was estimated by the correlation between the dimensions found, the EV and sociodemographic, criminological and personality variables. The developed scales are presented, for the first time in a cross-cultural sample, differentiating between gender and continent.

CONCLUSIONS:

Consequently, the obtained results suggest that the EV is a valid and reliable instrument within adolescent Spanish-speaking population. Furthermore, it is a quick scale, easy to apply, which is something valuable in forensic assessment.

PMID:
26905886
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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